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Onrbaa14-006 Amendment 0003 Attachment 2 Industry Day Slide Presentation - 10 Jan 2014.Pdf
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ONR Electronic Warfare S&T Industry Day Dr. Peter Craig Electronic Warfare Program Manager C4ISR Department Office of Naval Research 10 January 2014 Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release by the Office of Naval Research, distribution is unlimited. Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 2 ONR Mission: To plan, foster, and encourage scientific research in recognition of its paramount importance as related to the maintenance of future naval power, and the preservation of national security; and to manage the Navy’s basic, applied, and advanced research to foster transition from science and technology to higher levels of research, development, test, and evaluation. •Mature and transition S&T advances to improve naval capabilities, •Respond to current critical needs, •Maintain broad technology investments to anticipate and counter potential technology surprise. Naval S&T Vision: Sponsor scientific research and technology to: •Pursue revolutionary capabilities for Naval forces of the future, Office of Naval Research Science & Technology Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 3 Office of Naval Research Organization (S&T) ONR 312 Electronics, Sensors, and Network Research Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 4 ONR Organization - S&T Chief of Naval Research 311 Mathematics, Computers, Information Research 313 C4ISR Applications and Future Naval Capabilities 312 Electronics Surveillance Comms & Networks Electronic Warfare Navigation 31 C4ISR 32 33 34 35 30 Dr. Bobby Junker Dr. Wen Masters Dr. Mike Pollock Vacant Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 5 6.2 Discovery & Invention EO/IR Countermeasures Multi-Band Lasers Multi-Mode CM Techniques Wideband ES – Sensing/Processing Wideband EA – Components/Techniques High Power mmW Transmitters Enabling Cognitive & Adaptive EW Technologies for High Throughput & Emulation Environments for Adaptive & Spectrum Knowledge/Learning/ Rapidly Programmable EW Systems Targeted Electronic Warfare Reasoning/Attack Future Naval Capabilities (Sea Strike, Sea Shield, ForceNet & Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare) Surface/Subsurface Air Marine Corps Next Gen CM for SMD Identification and Defeat of EA Systems Future Joint Counter Submarine Survivability – EW Collaborative Electronic Attack Radio-Controlled IED EW EW Battle Management Multi-Spectral Seeker Defeat Hostile Fire (HF) Suppression Scalable Integrated RF (SIRFSUP) SBIR/STTR EW Technologies ONR 312 Electronic Warfare Electronic Warfare Technology Program Dr. Peter Craig EW Program Manager Mr. Dave Tremper EW Program Officer Mr. Bob Kusuda Mr. Shane Stein Mr. Tom Jesswein CACI CACI CACI Dr. Kevin Rudd EW Program Officer Dr. Vince Cassella EW Program Officer Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 6 Doing Business with ONR Business Opportunities •Broad Agency Announcements (BAA) •Small Business Innovative Research / Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) •Multidisciplinary Research Program of the University Research Initiative (MURI) •Defense University Research Instrumentation Program (DURIP) •DoD Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (DEPSCOR) Detailed information can be found on the ONR website http://www.onr.navy.mil/en/Contracts-Grants.aspx Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 7 Development of technologies that maximize the operational use of the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum by U.S. forces, ...while denying same from the enemy, ...by using EM means to detect and attack enemy sensor, weapon and command infrastructure systems – Immediate battlespace recognition of hostile scenario/intent and optimized, automated response decisions – Electronic denial, degradation, disruption or destruction of enemy C4ISR, IADS, acquisition and associated targeting/weapon systems – Timely EM control over the entire battlespace: temporal, spectral, spatial What is Electronic Warfare? Joint Service Definition Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 8 Detect ID Track Engage Assess The RED Kill Chain… Decide Detect ID Track Engage Assess Decide … and the Electronic Warfare Response Chain… Counter Targeting/Jamming/ Self-Protection EW Networked Capabilities, Analysis & Assessment, Electronic Protection Situational Awareness/Threat Warning Requires capability to: •Continuously monitor all critical portions of the spectrum •Quickly and accurately classify emitters/emitter function •Provide specific emitter identification •Precisely and rapidly locate platforms, events •Conduct accurate long term monitoring/tracking •Share key info in near real time Requires capability to selectively: •Limit/deny access (jamming) •Provide false/misleading information (countertargeting, decoys) •Counter communications and networks •Damage/degrade threat sensor capability Battlespace Awareness Spectrum Control Information Dominance Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 9 Electronic Warfare (EW): “Any military action involving the use of EM radiation … to control the EM spectrum or to attack the enemy.” –Electronic Warfare Support (ES): Actions to search for, intercept, ID & locate intentional / unintentional EM sources for the purpose of immediate threat recognition Provides information/data for immediate decisions regarding operations & tactical actions (avoidance, targeting, cueing) –Electronic Attack (EA): Use of EM … to attack with the intent of degrading, neutralizing or destroying enemy combat capability Includes jamming, EM deception, decoys/expendables –Electronic Protection (EP): Actions taken to protect ... from any effects of friendly or enemy employment of EW that degrade, neutralize, or destroy friendly combat capability Electronic Warfare Terminology DoD / JCS Definitions Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 10 Electronic Warfare Terminology Scope & Domain Boundaries within the EMS Cyber Attack Operations intended to manipulate adversary info and/or cyber systems DE (Weapon) Thermal / radiation bombardment PSYOP/MISO Induce alarms or failures / influence ideology ES Tactical sensing for real-time response EP Protect EM systems against EM interference Electronic Warfare: Military action involving the use of electromagnetic (EM) and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS) or to attack the enemy. Electromagnetic Spectrum Management EA Degrade, disrupt, deceive, & deny adversary EM system signals, processing, and C2 functions DE (EA) Induced currents or voltages C3 Command, Control and Communications (voice, data, info) Counter-DE Protect non-EM system against EM interference and DE (Weapon) ISR/SIGINT Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance gathering systems Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 11 Dominate the Spectrum Pervasive Spectrum Awareness - Know who is out there, where they are, and what they are doing… Requires capability to: •Continuously monitor all critical portions of the spectrum (RF/EO/IR) •Quickly and accurately classify emitters/emitter function •Provide Specific Emitter Identification (SEI) •Precisely and rapidly locate platforms, people, things, events •Conduct accurate long term monitoring/tracking •Network sensors and share key info in near-real time Effective Spectrum Control - Determine who sees what… Requires capability to selectively: •Limit/deny access (jamming) (RF/EO/IR) •Provide false/misleading information (countertargeting, decoys) •Damage/degrade threat sensor capability (RF/EO/IR) Unrestricted Spectrum Access for Blue Forces – Protect our own ISR capabilities… Requires capability to: •Negate the impact of hostile jamming on U.S. and allied sensors (RF/EO/IR) •Preserve the integrity of critical networks and data links •Precisely navigate and target weapons in a GPS-denied environment ONR Electronic Warfare S&T Area Objectives Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 12 Discovery & Invention (Basic and Applied Science) ≈45% Leap Ahead Innovations (Innovative Naval Prototypes) Acquisition Enablers (FNCs, etc) ≈30% Quick Reaction •Tech Solutions •Experimentation •MC S&T (MCWL, JNLW, etc.) Acquisition Enablers •Future Naval Capabilities •Warfighter Protection •Capable Manpower •LO/CLO Discovery & Invention •Basic & Early Applied Research •National Naval Responsibilities •Education Outreach HBCU/MI Leap-Ahead Innovations •Innovative Naval Prototypes •NSPs •Swampworks Near Mid Long Broad Narrow Focus Time Frame ≈12% Quick Reaction & Other S&T ≈8% ONR S&T Portfolio Balance Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 13 Direct Fleet Support / Quick Reaction Future Naval Capability (FNC) Innovative Naval Prototype Discovery and Invention (D&I) % of Portfolio ~8 >30 ~12 >45 Focus Solving emergent fleet / force needs Transitioning mature S&T to acquisition program of record Demonstrating Leap-ahead technology Expanding frontiers of knowledge in areas of naval interest Motivation Fleet-identified need OPNAV-identified capability gap Significant military advantage General Naval needs and opportunities Example IED Jammer Enhanced NULKA Payload Integrated Topside (INTOP) Wideband GaN EW System Components Type of Innovation Disruptive or sustaining. Sustaining - makes an existing capability better Disruptive - makes an existing capability obsolete Disruptive or sustaining. Time frame 1-2 years 3-5 years 4-8 years continuing Typical TRL entry point TRL-4 to TRL-5 TRL-3 TRL-2 to TRL-3 TRL-0 to TRL-2 Typical TRL end point TRL-7 TRL-6 TRL-6 TRL-3 to TRL-4 Technical Difficulty Medium Medium High High Operational Integration Complexity Medium Usually straightforward High N/A Approval Level to start a program ONR Corporate Technology Oversight Group (3-Star) DON Corporate Board (4-Star) ONR Department ONR Portfolio Characteristics Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 14 D&I Technology Readiness Levels 1.Basic principles observed and reported. Example: Paper studies of a technology’s basic properties. 2.Technology concept and/or application formulated. Example: Limited to analytical paper studies. 3.Analytical and experimental critical function and/or characteristic proof of concept. Example: Components that are not yet integrated or representative. 4.Component and/or breadboard validation in laboratory environment. Example: Integration of “ad hoc” hardware in a laboratory. 5.Component and/or breadboard validation in relevant environment. Example: “High fidelity” laboratory integration of components. 6.System/subsystem model or prototype demonstration in a relevant environment. Example: Testing a prototype in a high fidelity laboratory environment or in a simulated operational environment. 7.System prototype demonstration in an operational environment. Example: Testing the prototype in a test bed aircraft. 8.Actual system completed and qualified through test and demonstration. Example: Developmental test and evaluation of the system in its intended weapon system to determine if it meets design specifications. 9.Actual system proven through successful mission operations. Example: Using the system under operational mission conditions. Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 15 EW S&T Review (Gathering) – Invitation Only Agenda: •EW Requirements view (OPNAV, HQMC) •EW Acquisition view (NAVSEA, NAVAIR, MCSDC) •Briefings of current D&I, SBIR, FNC efforts •Briefings of proposed D&I new starts for following FY Actions: •Invited reviewers advise on D&I new start selection •Begin dialog regarding new FNC needs •De-conflict with other service reps (Army, Air Force) Nov - Jan February Sep - Oct ONR EW S&T Future Vision •Capability gaps (OPNAV guidance, NARG’s) •Roadmaps (S&T, Acquisition) •Emerging threats (intell reporting) •Technology trends (to avoid surprise) D&I BAA •Industry •Academia D&I Solicitation •NRL •Warfare Centers •FFRDC / UARC Select new D&I projects •Request full proposals •Initiate contract actions •Prepare FM documentation Review White Paper Submissions •Evaluate technical merits/innovation, Naval relevance, prior experience, cost realism •Down-select roughly 2x $$ available March •Award Contracts •Send Funding Documents April - May Jun - Aug Oct - Jan ONR EW S&T Development Process Annual D&I Refresh Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 16 Fused ES/EA Multispectral Coordinated Distributed • High-Power LWIR QC Lasers for Shipboard IRCM • Multi-Wavelength Laser with Broad Spectral Coverage • Layered Multi-Band Obscurants • Directed Energy Defeat of Multi-Mode Threats •Photonic Signal Processing •Adaptive ES/EA Techniques •EW Effectiveness Monitoring •Multispectral EA Technologies •Counters to Imaging Sensors •Networked EW Concepts •Lower Cost and SWAP Distributed ES & CM to Passive ES • Cooperative Distributed Sensors for EW • Unique Integrated EW Antenna Architectures • Adaptive ES Signal Processing & Imaging • Detect/Defeat Passive RF and EO/IR Sensors Wideband ES & EA Concepts • 1-110 GHz Photonic Cueing Receiver Technology • Wideband ES Components & Signal Processing • 1-110 GHz EA Components & Isolation Techniques • Advanced DRFM-Based Systems and Techniques • 18-45 GHz mmW High Power Transmitters • Next Gen EW Components Based on Graphene • UV Solar-Blind FPA & Advanced EO CM Techniques • Multiband Semiconductor Laser on Common Substrate • Continuously Tunable Multiband Fiber/Waveguide Laser • Non-Mechanical Beam Steering Technologies FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18 ONR 312 EW D&I Products Completed, Current, and Planned Multiband EO/IR EA Transmitters Multispectral / Multi-Mode CM Adaptive/Cognitive Processing for EW • Spectrum Knowledge & Cognitive EW Architectures • Coherent Network-Centric Spectrum Attack • Heterogeneous Parallel Mobile Computing for RF EW • Signature Detection Based on Nonlinearity PLANNED Multiband EO/IR Subsystems • RF / Millimeter Wave EW Subsystem Demonstrators • Compact & Efficient EW Antennas Covering HF to VHF • W-Band Millimeter Wave High Power Transmitters Wideband ES & EA Subsystems Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 17 Fused ES/EA Multispectral Coordinated Distributed Future EW Vision Elements of Future EW Systems Objective Capability (What?) Enabling Technology (How?) Maximize EW spatial coverage with a minimum of resources without permitting single point failures Small, lightweight, power efficient ES / EA payloads for manned and unmanned vehicles (UAV, USV, UUV, UGV) Maximize effectiveness of EW across on-/off-board assets, manned / unmanned platforms, kinetic / non-kinetic resources Multi-asset, coordinated kinetic / non-kinetic M&S; multi-platform ID / targeting / tracking / EA techniques and algorithms Maximize EW spectral coverage (EO-IR-mmW-RF) and minimize spectral gaps that can be exploited by hostile forces EO/IR/RF receiver / transmitter subsystems and components with extended spectral coverage and ultra-wide bandwidth Maximize flexibility in dynamically responding to time critical, frequency agile emitters Embedded ES / EA architectures with high-speed reactive ES processing and dynamic EA techniques generation Maximize operational availability of ISRT sensor assets and preserve situational awareness in the presence of hostile EA Dynamic / reactive / adaptive signal processing, hardened EO/IR/RF apertures and components Increased Combat Effectiveness Robust EP Adaptive Multispectral Coordinated Distributed Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 18 Technology Challenges (TCs) & Desired End States TC1: Cognitive, Adaptive Capabilities •Effectively outpace adversary decision and technical options TC2: Coordinated / Distributed / Network-Enabled Systems •Spatially and temporally diverse responsiveness to dense and complex threat environments TC3: Preemptive / Proactive Effects •Real-time sensing, assessment and optimization of EA effectiveness TC4: Broadband / Multispectral Systems •Widest possible spectral extent to our control of the EMS TC5: Modular / Open / Software-Configurable Architectures •Timely deployment or insertion of advanced EW in response to rapidly changing conditions TC6: Advanced Electronic Protection Techniques & Technology •Allow unfettered operations in the increasingly dense EMS environment DoD Electronic Warfare Joint Service EW S&T Priorities Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 19 ONR Discovery & Invention Last year: ONR BAA 13-005 Enabling Cognitive and Adaptive EW Apply adaptive and machine learning algorithms to EW. Develop methods to represent real-time dynamic spectrum knowledge, sense and learn RF features and behaviors, and reason about threat systems and the environment to form electronic attack strategies on-the-fly. Specific areas include: •Spectrum Knowledge •Spectrum Learning •Spectrum Reasoning •Spectrum Attack High Throughput and Rapidly Programmable EW Systems Develop enabling technologies for reconfigurable EW systems that have extremely high-volume processing capability. The objective is a software defined RF system capable of performing real-time signal processing over not less than 3 GHz (threshold) and up to 10 GHz (objective) of RF bandwidth with low SWAP. The goal is to minimize the amount of data that needs to be moved from system to system or platform to platform by processing it at the data source. Emulation Environments for Adaptive and Targeted EW Develop emulated RF or M&S environments to enable the development, testing, and validation of cognitive and targeted EW techniques and systems. This includes the development of testbeds to test adaptive EW techniques, including representative models of EM systems and realistic EM background environments. Testbeds should support research into closed-loop techniques in order to anticipate and out-pace agile threat behavior. Innovative EW Concepts Explore truly innovative concepts in the EW areas of ES, EA, or EP which could fundamentally change the way naval forces conduct EW Operations. Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 20 ONR Discovery & Invention Last year: ONR BAA 13-005 Enabling Cognitive and Adaptive EW Spectrum Knowledge •Spectrum Knowledge (SK) Framework (JHU/APL) •An SK Signal Descriptor Language (NRL 5722) Spectrum Learning •Cognitive Architecture for Cooperative Electronic Warfare (NRL 5722) Spectrum Reasoning •Cognitive Radio Network Identification, Association, and Attack (NRL 5730) Spectrum Attack •Coherent Network-Centric Spectrum Attack (NAWC WD Pt. Mugu) High Throughput and Rapidly Programmable EW Systems •Heterogeneous Parallel Mobile Computing for RF Sensing and Spectrum Knowledge (Virginia Tech) Emulation Environments for Adaptive and Targeted EW •[No Award] Innovative EW Concepts •Signature Detection Based on Nonlinearity (NRL 6362) Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 21 ONR BAA Announcement # ONR 14-006 •Posted: 18 December 2013 •Agency Name: Office of Naval Research •Research Opportunity Title: Electronic Warfare Technology •Program Name: Electronic Warfare Discovery & Invention (D&I) •Response Dates: • White Papers: 04 February 2014 • Full Proposals: 06 May 2014 ONR Discovery & Invention This year: ONR BAA 14-006 Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 22 ONR 312 Electronic Warfare (EW) seeks white papers for efforts that shall develop and demonstrate technologies for the next generation systems in electronic warfare. The primary emphasis of this BAA is on technologies towards 1.Radio Frequency (RF) / Millimeter Wave (mmW) Electronic Warfare Subsystem Demonstrators (SSD) a)Broadband RF/mmW Receiver SSD for Unknown Signal Detection, Identification, Direction Finding, and Tracking b)Wideband, Multi-Signal, Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (STAR) RF Front-End SSD c)Millimeter Wave (mmW) Electronic Warfare SSD 2.Compact and Efficient EW Antennas Covering HF to VHF (3-300 MHz) 3.W-Band Millimeter Wave (mmW) High Power Transmitters 4.Innovative EW Concepts ONR Discovery & Invention This year: ONR BAA 14-006 Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 23 RF/mmW Electronic Warfare Subsystem Demonstrators (SSDs) 1. Radio Frequency (RF) / Millimeter Wave (mmW) Electronic Warfare Subsystem Demonstrators (SSDs) The objective is to leverage prior investments by ONR and other Government organizations in electronic and photonic technologies, techniques, components, devices and subsystems to create subsystem demonstrators (SSDs) of advanced EW capabilities in the RF and mmW portions of the EMS. For the purposes of this solicitation, an SSD will be defined as an integrated collection of components, devices and subsystems that, in conjunction with other established or developmental technologies and techniques, will demonstrate an end-to-end EW capability from the list below. Each SSD will demonstrate both the functional configuration and capability of a final EW subsystem, though not necessarily the physical configuration, packaging, or form factor. White Papers and subsequent proposals will encompass not only the development of these SSDs but also a final government-witnessed demonstration in a tactically relevant real or simulated environment. In order to speed the transition of these capabilities to military (Navy, Marine Corps and Joint service) systems, Offerors are encouraged to make use of existing standards for open and modular systems that are either non-proprietary (e.g. VITA, open VPX, etc.) or to which the government has full and open rights. The SSD shall use technologies that are conducive to minimizing SWAP requirements for future tactical implementation on SWAP-constrained vehicles or platforms. While each SSD description below highlights the need for reducing Size, Weight and Power (SWAP) by design, actual SWAP savings may be demonstrated through analysis rather than physical measurement. Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 24 ES Processor And Techniques EA Controller And Techniques RF/mmW Electronic Warfare SSDs Component & Subsystem Architecture ES/EA Apertures EA Transmitter HPAs, DACs, Beam Formers, etc. ES Receiver LNAs, Filters, Mixers, LOs, ADCs, etc. Digital Signal Processors And Modulators Circulator Isolator EW Network Apertures EA System ES System Processing Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 25 ES Processor And Techniques EA Controller And Techniques RF/mmW Electronic Warfare SSDs Component & Subsystem Architecture ES/EA Apertures EA Transmitter HPAs, DACs, Beam Formers, etc. ES Receiver LNAs, Filters, Mixers, LOs, ADCs, etc. Digital Signal Processors And Modulators Circulator Isolator EW Network Apertures EA System ES System Processing Apertures EA System ES System Multiplexer and Tunable Filters for Channelized Transmitter Architecture (NRL) Multi-Configurable Filters for Wideband Receivers and Transmitters (NRL) PolyStrata Time Delay Unit (Nuvotronics) Compact 25-80 kW ERP Decoy Tx w/ Cont 18-45 GHz Coverage (NRL/L3) A Digital Transmitter on Chip (NRL/MIT/LL) Enabling Technology for High Power mmW on Small Platforms (CU) Monolithic SW Prog Wideband Transmitter and MIMO Transceiver (USC) Isolation Improve Between Multiple Aperture EA/ES (MIT/LL) 1-110 GHz Two Aperture ESA for Electronic Attack (Harris) Submarine Buoyant Cable Meta-dielectric Antennas for EW (NUWC) Multifunctional Arrays and Frequency Independent Antennas (MAFIA) (CU) Wideband Photonic Cueing Receiver for ES (JHU/APL) 1-110 GHz Photonic Cueing Receiver (NGES) pDESIST: pseudo-Doppler-Enabled Synthesis Imaging (SAIC) Processing Integrated mmW DF Subsystems & Dual-Polarized Antennas (CU) Simultaneous Transmit & Receive (STAR) for Look-Through EA (MIT/LL) Conformal Direction Finding Antenna System (First RF) Modular, Adaptive, and Multifunction RF Front-end (MITRE) Antennas from VHF to THz (CU) Cueing Receiver for Faster EA Response Management (Naval PG School) Miniature 2-70 GHz Integrated Optical Channelizer (NGES) Extreme Wideband Spatial Spectral Holographic Signal Processor (S2 Corp) Wideband, Hi Dyn Rng, SW Prog Rx & Vector Spectrum / Sig Processor (USC) Wideband GaN EW Support Receiver Components (HRL) Miniature Broadband Tunable Filters for EW Receivers (BAE) Next Gen EW Components Based on Graphene (PSU) High Dynamic Range Receiver (HRL) Wideband RF Processing - Net-Positive Parametric Mixers (UCSD/SSC-SD) PerSEIve: SEI & Geo in Complex EM Enviro (Michigan Aero) Si-based Monolithic DRFM (USC) Concurrent Multi-Spectral RF Carrier Generator (USC) Next-Generation EW Processor (MIT/LL) Wideband Intelligent Signal Estimator (WISER) DRFM (NRL) Countering LTE and DSA Enhanced LTE Comms (Shared Spectrum Co) Cooperative Monolithic Distributed Sensors for EW (USC) Spatial-Spectral Holographic Rainbow Spectrometer (MSU) Non-Traditional Sig Exploit using Photonic Proc (Montana State) Electronic Attack Adaptive-Detector Sidecar (MIT/LL) Real-Time EA Effectiveness Monitoring (NRL) Dig Directional Correlator (NGES) Direction Finding of LPI Emitters (NRL) WB Low Power Cognitive Signal Processing IC (HRL) CS-Based Extremely Wideband Spectral Awareness (Grid Sys) Integrated On-board / Off-board EA Effectiveness (NRL) Passive Coherent Location Denial (NRL) Countering Adv Threats in Complex RF Enviro w/ Cog Tech (Echo Ridge) Prior and Current ONR 31 EW Technology Efforts 25 Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 26 RF/mmW Electronic Warfare Subsystem Demonstrators (SSD) A categorized listing of prior and current ONR 31 EW technology efforts, along with contact information for the performers, can be found in Attachment 1 of this BAA. •Other technology efforts funded by ONR and other government sponsors (e.g. DARPA, AFRL, ARL, DoE, NSA, NSF, ONI, etc.) can also be leveraged with proper acknowledgment. Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 27 1 – a. Broadband RF/mmW Receiver SSD for Unknown Signal Detection, Identification, Direction Finding, and Tracking This SSD shall be able to sense and process signals of unknown frequency, modulation, pulse duration (including non-pulsed waveforms), and strength over a broad continuous spectral band encompassing RF and mmW frequencies (500 MHz to 110 GHz objective). The SSD shall be able to precisely parameterize the detected signals in order to identify the signal among a database of signal classes or types. The SSD shall further precisely determine the direction of the signal, referenced against the physical orientation of the receiver, in less than a second from signal detection, and be able to precisely geo-locate the signal when information from multiple receivers are networked together. The SSD shall be able to detect and characterize weak signals (signal sensitivity -90 dBm or better threshold, -105 dBm or better objective) in the presence of much stronger signals (spur free dynamic range 50 dB or better threshold, 70 dB or better objective), which are closely spaced in both frequency (resolution bandwidth 50 MHz or better threshold, 1MHz or better objective) and physical location. The SSD receiver shall not rely on scanning any part of the frequency range or multiple-pulse integration in order to detect low probability of interception / low probability of detection (LPI/LPD) type signals. The processing of signal detection, identification, direction finding, and tracking shall be largely automatic, though operator interaction in order to more precisely characterize signal parameters is permitted. A demonstration of this SDD over a smaller portion of the spectrum will be permitted if a clear and reasonable approach to scaling the concept to the full bandwidth is provided. Finally, the SSD shall use technologies that are conducive to minimizing SWAP requirements for future tactical implementation on SWAP-constrained vehicles or platforms. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Research Area 1a Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 28 1 – b. Wideband, Multi-Signal, Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (STAR) RF Front-End SDD This SSD shall provide the capability to simultaneously transmit and receive numerous signals across a wideband (500 MHz to 45 GHz threshold, 500 MHz to 110 GHz objective) of the EMS. The objective is to support many simultaneous signals and functions such as EW, communications, and signals intelligence (SIGINT) using a common front-end with a limited number of power amplifiers and apertures. The RF front-end shall provide an adjacent channel simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR) capability that allows for the operation of a large number of wideband (500 MHz) and narrowband (<50 MHz) RF functions. This SDD can utilize analog, digital, and photonic technologies and techniques for achieving the filtering, channelization, isolation, and intermodulation reduction required between the adjacent signals. The SDD shall provide up to 120 dB of isolation in adjacent transmit and receive (TX/RX) channels. In addition to the full frequency band adjacent channel STAR capability, the SSD shall also be capable of providing co-channel STAR capability for a reduced number of wideband (500 MHz) and narrowband (<50 MHz) signals that is tunable across the full frequency band. A layered approach of aperture design, signal cancelation, analog filtering, digital pre and post distortion, and other technologies and techniques is envisioned to meet the required metrics. A demonstration of this SDD over a smaller portion of the spectrum will be permitted if a clear and reasonable approach to scaling the concept to the full bandwidth is provided. Finally, the SSD shall use technologies that are conducive to minimizing SWAP requirements for future tactical implementation on SWAP-constrained vehicles or platforms. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Research Area 1b Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 29 1 – c. Millimeter Wave (mmW) Electronic Warfare SSD This SSD shall be able to detect signals and automatically deceive or deny the operation of the system(s) emitting the signals over a full frequency range of 18 to 45 GHz. The transmitter subsystem (consisting of power amplifier(s), matching network, and radiating element) shall be capable of achieving 1-4 kW or greater effective radiated power (ERP) for small decoy applications or capable of being combined to achieve 100 kW or greater ERP for large platform applications across the entire 18-45 GHz frequency range. (These ERP goals are peak power levels measured at a 10% or better duty factor; higher duty factor operation is also desired but a decrease of the ERP by 6-8 dB at 100% duty factor is acceptable.) The receiver subsystem must be capable of continuous operation when the transmit and receive subsystem apertures are closely spaced (threshold) or share the same aperture (objective), using advanced technologies to suppress or cancel self-generated interference. The SSD shall be capable of automatic signal processing and generation of electronic attack waveforms and techniques based on the received signal parameters using established or developmental techniques or technologies such as Digital RF Memory (DRFM)-based technique generators. Finally, the SSD shall use technologies that are conducive to minimizing SWAP requirements for future tactical implementation on SWAP-constrained vehicles or platforms. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Research Area 1c Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 30 2. Compact & Efficient EW Antennas Covering HF - VHF (3-300 MHz) The objective is to improve the capability of military (Navy, Marine Corps and Joint service) EW systems to detect, deny or deceive sensors, communications or other systems operating in the HF (3-30 MHz) and VHF (30-300 MHz) bands of the EMS. Current constraints on EW systems in these bands are the physical size and performance of the required antenna. It is not unusual for whip antennas operating at these frequencies to be many meters in length and operate at less than unity gain. It is also typical for these antennas to be omnidirectional with no ability to either concentrate radiated power on a localized target (for an EA application) or determine signal direction (for an ES application). This section of the current solicitation seeks technologies and techniques to achieve physically small antennas covering the HF and VHF with no physical dimension exceeding 1 meter (threshold) or 30 centimeters (objective). Technologies that are conducive to minimizing SWAP requirements for future tactical implementation on SWAP-constrained vehicles or platforms are desired. Technologies that are conformal to the skin of a vehicle or platform are also desirable. The antenna design shall achieve a voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) of better than 3:1 (threshold) or 2:1 (objective) while maximizing efficiency and gain over the full 3-300 MHz band (unity gain or better is an objective). For EA antenna designs a sustained power handling capability of greater than 100 watts (threshold) or 1 kilowatt (objective) is desired. For ES antenna designs the ability to precisely determine the direction of the detected signal is desired, as well as the ability to precisely geo-locate the signal when information from multiple antennas are networked together. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Research Area 2 Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 31 3.W-Band Millimeter Wave (mmW) High Power Transmitters The objective is to improve the capability of military (Navy, Marine Corps and Joint service) EA systems to deny or deceive sensors or weapons guidance systems operating in the millimeter wave (mmW) bands of the EMS. While ONR has on-going interest in wideband EA transmitter systems which operate across the breadth of the mmW spectrum, this section of the current solicitation is limited to the W-Band (75-110 GHz) frequency range. Transmitter systems (consisting of power amplifier(s), matching network, and radiating element) capable of achieving 1-4 kW or greater ERP for small decoy applications or capable of being combined to achieve 100 kW or greater ERP for large platform applications across the entire 75-110 GHz frequency range are desired. (These ERP goals are peak power levels measured at a 10% or better duty factor; higher duty factor operation is also desired but a decrease of the ERP by 6-8 dB at 100% duty factor is acceptable.) Technology solutions are permitted using vacuum components, solid-state components, or combinations of both. Proposed system concepts should include a detailed end-to-end system analysis, with such considerations as input power needs, power distribution, cooling, component placement, isolation, aperture architecture, and beam-forming. The delivered system should demonstrate the ability to project the requested ERP across the full 75-110 GHz spectral band against a far-field target in a controlled and sustained beam and be able to transmit linear and phase controlled jamming waveforms capable of preserving complex signal content and coding. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Research Area 3 Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 32 4. Innovative EW Concepts The objective is to explore truly innovative concepts in the EW areas of ES, EA, or EP which could fundamentally change the way naval (Navy and Marine Corps) forces conduct EW operations. This sub-section should only be cited by proposals that do not fall within any of the other sub-sections of this Research Opportunity Description. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Research Area 4 Examples of what I would consider “Innovative Concepts” (circa 1966) Images and related marks are ™, ® and © 2013 by CBS Studios Inc. All Rights Reserved. Romulan™ Cloaking Device Phaser™ Technology Shield Technology Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 33 •In conjunction with the U.S. Army CERDEC and the U.S. Air Force AFRL, ONR plans to fund individual awards of $3M to $4M per year (Area 1 only), and $500K to $1.5M per year (Areas 2 – 4) using some combination of Budget Category 6.2 and Budget Category 6.3 funds. However, lower and higher cost proposals will be considered. •Total funding under this BAA is anticipated to be $10.5M per year, or $31.5M over three years. •The period of performance for projects may be from 12 to 36 months. Projects will have an estimated start date of 02 January 2015, subject to date of final award and availability of new fiscal year funds. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Award Info Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 34 •At the same time this BAA was posted, the Government sent out a parallel solicitation to government labs and other parties that are barred from proposing to the BAA. There are no fixed percentages or set-asides for the two solicitations and ALL the White Papers/Oral Briefs/Proposals are evaluated together to determine which should be funded as the “best of the best.” •The award(s) will be made for the full performance period requested. Options will not be utilized. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Award Info Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 35 •All responsible sources from academia and industry may submit proposals under this BAA. •University Affiliated Research Centers (UARC) are eligible to submit proposals under this BAA unless precluded from doing so by their Department of Defense UARC contracts. •There will be no set asides for Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and Minority Institutions (MIs). •Some topics cover export controlled technologies. Research in these areas is limited to “U.S. persons” as defined in the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) - 22 CFR § 1201.1 et seq. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Eligibility Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 36 •Navy laboratories and warfare centers, as well as other Department of Defense and civilian agency laboratories, and Federally Funded Research & Development Centers (FFRDCs), including Department of Energy National Laboratories, are not eligible to receive awards under this BAA and should not directly submit either white papers or full proposals in response to this BAA. •NOTE: Responses from these organizations are being solicited separately, though with the same guidance regarding research areas of interest, white paper format and deadlines. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Eligibility Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 37 •Bottom line: All civilian, industry, government, and military organizations are encouraged to submit white paper responses to the four ONR EW research areas as solicited. •Once a proposed effort has been chosen for funding, ONR will determine the best method to proceed. •If a contract or grant is required, then the guidance, clauses, and limitations of this BAA are applicable. •If other means are more appropriate (direct funds transfer to DoD laboratory or warfare center, use of existing contract vehicle, etc.) then separate guidance and limitations may apply. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Eligibility Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 38 •The due date for white papers is no later than 3:00 PM (EST) on Tuesday, 04 February 2014. White papers received after the published due date and time are not eligible to participate in the remaining Full Proposal submission process and are not eligible for Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 funding. Each white paper should state that it is submitted in response to this BAA and cite the particular sub-section of the Research Opportunity Description that the white paper is primarily addressing. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 White Papers Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 39 •This year White Papers shall be submitted as an Adobe PDF or Word 2007 file via a secure (encrypted) file transfer protocol (FTP) site. Procedures are as follows: •Register for a user account to the FTP site prior to submitting White Papers by sending an email to ONR_312_EC@navy.mil. •The subject line of the email must state “BAA 14-006 FTP User Registration”. •The body of the email must include the primary point of contact’s name, any additional points of contacts (names), title(s), organization, department(s) or company division(s), telephone and fax numbers, and email address(es). •Registrants will receive a reply email from the FTP Site Administrator that includes the user name, a temporary password, and the internet protocol (IP) address of the FTP site along with uploading instructions. •Potential Offerors will be able to start registering for user accounts on Monday, 13 January 2014, and will be issued within two business days of the received email request. •Registration requests for user accounts that are submitted less than 48 hours before the White Paper submission deadline may not be issued. •All user accounts will be disabled on Tuesday, 04 February 2014 at 3:00:01 PM (EST) and further file uploads will not be permitted. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 White Papers Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 40 ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 White Papers User Accounts Processed White Paper Submission Window FTP Site Automation Admin QA Review 312EW Manual Processing START FTP Site Administrator initiates accounts and emails info to users Offerors have access to their accounts until submission deadline and can: •Submit as many white papers as desired •Make revisions to white papers as necessary without requesting file replacement by ONR 312 EW staff •Allow access to other members in their organization to ensure white papers have been uploaded before submission deadline FTP Server automatically processes all submitted white papers by: •Binning them according to research development areas •Assigning a tracking number to each file •Preparing folders / files for mass downloading by technical evaluators FTP Site Administrator conducts QA to ensure all white papers have been accounted for and are binned & tracked appropriately EW support staff processes individual white papers for PI POC info & funding data, ensure files open appropriately, and overall QA; prepares technical evaluation scorer sheets Submission Deadline EW BAA Advanced Transfer Network (EW BATnet) Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 41 White Paper Format •Paper Size – 8.5 x 11 inch paper •Margins – 1” inch •Spacing – single spaced •Font – Times New Roman, 12 point •Number of Pages – No more than six (6) pages (excluding cover page, resumes, bibliographies, table of contents and Attachment 2). White Papers exceeding the page limit may not be evaluated. •Format – One (1) electronic copy in Adobe PDF or Microsoft Word 2007 compatible file formats uploaded to the secure (encrypted) FTP site. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 White Papers Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 42 White Paper Content •Cover Page Including BAA number, proposed title, administrative and technical points of contact (telephone and facsimile number; e-mail address) •Technical Concept Must address the following without exceeding the six (6) page limit: 1. Project Manager and/or Principal Investigator 2.Relevance to BAA Research Opportunity Description and specific sub-section(s) being addressed 3. The technical objective of the proposed effort 4. The technical approach that will be pursued to meet the objective 5. The anticipated deliverables at the successful completion of the effort 6. A summary of recent technical breakthroughs that will reduce risk; and 7. A clear and complete description of how the proposed approach compares to the current state of the art. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 White Papers Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 43 White Paper Content •Other Requirements (without exceeding the six (6) page limit) •Operational Military Concept: The concept of operation for the new capabilities to be delivered, and the expected operational performance improvements. •Operational Utility Assessment: A plan for demonstrating and evaluating the operational effectiveness of the Offeror's proposed products or processes in field experiments and/or tests in a simulated environment. •Programmatic Section: A project schedule, a summary of planned milestones and a funding plan showing requested funding per government fiscal year, as well as the total funding request. •The following sections must also be included but will not be counted against the six (6) page limitation: •Leveraged efforts (Area 1 only): A listing of leveraged ONR- and Government-funded efforts, using the template provided. •Resumes: A single page (each) summary resume (including previous relevant experience and pertinent publications) for Project Manager and/or Principal Investigator. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 White Papers Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 44 ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 White Papers White Paper Content •Leveraged Efforts (Area 1 only) •ONR BAA14-006 Attachment 2 (below) provides a template that should be followed in submitting a listing of current and/or prior government-funded S&T efforts that will be leveraged by the Offeror. Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 45 The following schedule has been established to facilitate the submission of white papers and their follow-on review and possible selection for FY 2015 funding. 04 Feb 2014 White paper responses to EW research areas due to ONR 21 Feb 2014* ONR notify selected parties to prepare briefing for EW Review 11 Mar 2014 Quad Chart due to ONR 14 Mar 2014 Briefings due to ONR 19 Mar 2014* Oral presentations at the ONR EW S&T Review 28 Mar 2014* ONR notify selected parties to prepare/submit full proposal 06 May 2014 Full technical/cost proposal due to ONR 03 Jun 2014* ONR notify selected parties of intent to fund efforts 02 Jan 2015* ONR issues awards * These dates are estimates ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Schedule Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 46 Evaluations will be conducted using the following evaluation criteria •The four (or five) technical factors are of equal value –Subparagraphs under each factor are not subfactors; rather, they provide insight into the areas that evaluators consider when assessing proposals under each factor •The four technical factors 1 – 4 (or 1 – 5 for Area 1) are significantly more important than cost –Importance of cost will increase with the degree of equality of the proposals or when the cost is so significantly high as to diminish the value of the proposal's technical superiority 1. Overall scientific and technical merits of the submission a.Degree of innovation, b.Soundness of technical concept, c.Awareness of the state of the art and understanding of the scope of the problem and the technical effort needed to address it, and d.Successful achievement of goals will significantly reduce technical risk to a subsequent development effort. 2.Military relevance, transition potential and anticipated contributions of the proposed technology to Electronic Warfare operations. a.Technology addresses a military critical need, b.Military program or initiative depends on the technology, c.Potential transition effort identified, and d.Part of a joint service technology effort. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Evaluation Criteria Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 47 Evaluation criteria (continued) 3. Program structure and execution plan a.Level of technical risk appropriate for applied research, b.Clear statements of objectives, applicability to BAA, anticipated end state, and deliverables, c.Concise schedule with clearly identified milestones to objectively measure progress, and d.Timing is right (e.g. addresses current or future capability need, leverages recent S&T breakthrough or emerging COTS technology, constructive relationship with other on-going work , etc.). 4. The qualifications, capabilities and experience of the proposed Principal Investigator (PI), team leader and key personnel who are critical in achieving the proposal objectives a.Offeror's experience in relevant efforts with similar resources, b.Ability to manage the proposed effort, and c.Offeror’s overall capabilities, facilities, techniques or unique combinations of these which are integral factors for achieving the proposal objectives. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Evaluation Criteria Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 48 Evaluation criteria (continued) 5. Number and quality of leveraged efforts (Area 1 ONLY) a.How many prior/current ONR and Government-funded electronic and photonic technology, technique, component, device and/or subsystem research efforts are leveraged for the proposed EW demonstrator? (NOTE: multiple funded efforts that advance the maturity of the same fundamental technology will be counted as ONE research effort), b.How critical are the prior ONR and Government-funded efforts to enabling the proposed EW capability demonstration? and c.Offerors that utilize partnerships or teaming arrangements between multiple performers (industry, academic, government) to facilitate the incorporation of leveraged technologies will be given favorable consideration. 6. The realism of the proposed cost and availability of funds ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Evaluation Criteria Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 49 The following is a sample of reporting deliverables that could be required under a research effort. The following deliverables, primarily in contractor format, are anticipated as necessary. However, specific deliverables should be proposed by each Offeror and finalized with the contracting agent: ●Detailed Technical Data ●Technical and Financial Progress Reports ●Presentation Material(s) ●Other Documentation or Reports, as required ●Final Report Research performed under contracts may also include the delivery of software, prototypes, and other hardware deliverables. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Deliverables Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 50 •Government research facilities and operational military units are available and should be considered as potential government-furnished equipment/facilities. These facilities and resources are of high value and some are in constant demand by multiple programs. It is unlikely that all facilities would be used for any one specific program. The use of these facilities and resources will be negotiated as the program unfolds. Offerors submitting proposals for contracts, cooperative agreements and Other Transaction Agreements should indicate in the Technical Proposal Template, Section II, Blocks 8 and 9, which of these facilities are critical for the project’s success. Offerors submitting proposals for grants should address the need for government-furnished facilities in their technical proposal. •Proposals that are contingent upon ONR providing government furnished equipment, instrumentation, test facilities, or threat hardware and information for exploitation are NOT acceptable. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Facilities / GFE Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 51 •All white papers and proposals are expected to be unclassified. However, classified white papers and proposals are permitted. •In order to facilitate intra-program collaboration and technology transfer, the Government will attempt to enable awardees to work at the unclassified level to the maximum extent possible. •If awardees use unclassified data in their deliveries and demonstrations regarding a potentially classified project, they should use methods and conventions consistent with those used in classified environments. Such conventions will permit the various subsystems and the final system to be more adaptable in accommodating classified data in the transition system. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Classification Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 52 Things ONR will look for in white paper submissions •An understanding of Electronic Warfare principles and needs •Innovative applications of cutting edge science and technology to address Electronic Warfare priorities •Efforts that focus on RF/mmW EW subsystem demonstrators, compact and efficient EW antennas covering HF to VHF, W-band mmW high power transmitters, and innovative EW concepts •Clear statements of the effort’s objectives, applicability to Electronic Warfare, anticipated end state, and deliverables. •Clear and concise schedule including intermediate milestones to objectively measure progress toward goals •Funding request broken out by performing organization and Government fiscal year. ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Summary Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 53 Things that will cause ONR to reject white papers •Proposed effort is not Electronic Warfare related •Communications or navigation systems (counter comms/nav is okay) •Intel, reconn, surveillance (ISR) systems (counter ISR is okay) •Proposed effort is not Discovery & Invention •Off-the-shelf solutions without any clear innovation •Demonstrations and field testing of existing systems or components to show military application •Reliance on GFE/GFI without prior arrangement/agreement •Poor program planning •No explanation or understanding of underlying S&T •Scattershot approaches with little methodology •Lack of intermediate milestones to gauge progress •No substantiation for requested budget ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Summary Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 54 •ONR 312 EW will not entertain requests for individual meetings with industry representatives to discuss potential white paper submissions •No pre-selection of ideas or concepts •If in doubt, write the white paper and submit it •This is your opportunity to ask questions •Written questions are permitted, but all questions and answers will be posted to the ONR BAA website •White paper questions of a business nature can be submitted by e-mail through Tuesday, 21 January 2014 •All questions and answers will be posted to the ONR BAA website ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Final Comments Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 55 Technical Dr. Peter Craig Electronic Warfare Program Manager Office of Naval Research (ONR 312) 875 North Randolph Street, Suite 1112 Arlington, VA 22203-1995 E-mail: email@example.com Business Mr. Alan Kesten Contract Specialist Office of Naval Research (BD 252) 875 North Randolph Street, Suite W1272D Arlington, VA 22203-1995 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ONR Discovery & Invention ONR BAA 14-006 Points of Contact Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 56 QUESTIONS? QUESTIONS? Unclassified – Distribution Unlimited 57 ONR Discovery & Invention This year: ONR BAA 14-006 RF/mmW EW Subsystem Demonstrators Leverage prior investments in electronic and photonic S&T to create subsystem demonstrators (SSDs) of advanced EW capabilities. SSDs will demo both functional configuration and capability of a final EW subsystem, though not necessarily the physical configuration, packaging, or form factor. A final demo in a tactically relevant environment is desired. Use existing standards for open and modular systems and technologies that are conducive to minimizing SWAP. Potential SSDs: •Broadband RF/mmW Receiver SSD for Unknown Signal Detection, Identification, Direction Finding, and Tracking •Wideband, Multi-Signal, Simultaneous Transmit and Receive (STAR) RF Front-End SSD •Millimeter Wave (mmW) Electronic Warfare SSD EW Antennas Covering HF to VHF Improve the capability to detect, deny or deceive sensors, communications or other systems operating in the HF (3-30 MHz) and VHF (30-300 MHz) bands of the EMS. Technologies and techniques are needed to achieve physically small antennas covering the HF and VHF with no physical dimension exceeding 1 m (threshold) or 30 cm (objective). Technologies that minimize SWAP and are conformal are desired. A VSWR of better than 3:1 (threshold) or 2:1 (objective) and maximizing efficiency and gain over the full 3-300 MHz band (unity gain or better is an objective) is desired. For EA a sustained power handling capability of > 100 watts (threshold) or 1 kilowatt (objective) is desired. For ES the ability to precisely determine the direction of the detected signal is desired. W-Band mmW High Power Transmitters Improve the capability to deny or deceive sensors or weapons guidance systems operating in the W-Band (75-110 GHz) frequency range. Transmitter systems capable of achieving 1-4 kW or greater ERP for small decoy applications or capable of being combined to achieve 100 kW or greater ERP across the entire 75-110 GHz frequency range are desired. Technology solutions are permitted using vacuum components, solid-state components, or combinations of both. Proposed system concepts should include a detailed end-to-end system analysis. Should be able to transmit linear and phase controlled jamming waveforms capable of preserving complex signal content and coding. . Innovative EW Concepts Explore truly innovative concepts in the EW areas of ES, EA, or EP which could fundamentally change the way naval forces conduct EW Operations.