PRIME CONTRACT

80NSSC18K0346

Grant For Research

OVERVIEW

Original Description
THE OVERARCHING CHALLENGE ADDRESSED BY THIS PROPOSAL IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-REFLECTANCE, HIGH-RESOLUTION X-RAY MIRRORS, TO BE USED FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT X-RAY TELESCOPES FOR FUTURE NASA ASTRONOMY MISSIONS SUCH AS LYNX AND OTHERS. THE PROPOSAL'S TWO SPECIFIC AIMS ARE: 1) THE DEVELOPMENT OF OPTIMIZED IRIDIUM-BASED INTERFERENCE COATINGS FOR THE 0.1 10 KEV BAND; AND 2) THE DEVELOPMENT OF METHODS TO MITIGATE COATING-STRESS-INDUCED SUBSTRATE DEFORMATIONS IN THIN-SHELL GLASS AND SI MIRROR SEGMENTS. THESE GOALS WILL BE ACHIEVED BY BUILDING ON ESTABLISHED FILM DEPOSITION TECHNIQUES AND METROLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE FOR X-RAY OPTICS THAT HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED AND ADVANCED BY THE PI THROUGH APRA FUNDING SINCE 1999. SPECIFIC AIM #1: INTERFERENCE COATINGS FOR THE 0.1 10 KEV ENERGY BAND TELESCOPE EFFECTIVE AREA CAN BE MAXIMIZED BY USING IR-BASED REFLECTIVE COATINGS THAT EXPLOIT OPTICAL INTERFERENCE TO PROVIDE HIGHER REFLECTANCE THAN IR ALONE. HOWEVER, ONLY PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATIONS OF SUCH COATINGS HAVE BEEN CONDUCTED THUS FAR; MORE RESEARCH IS REQUIRED TO FULLY OPTIMIZE THESE COATINGS FOR MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE, TO EXPERIMENTALLY DETERMINE THE COATING DESIGNS THAT ARE FEASIBLE, AND TO DETERMINE THE ACHIEVABLE X-RAY REFLECTANCE, FILM STRESS, SURFACE ROUGHNESS, AND THERMAL AND TEMPORAL STABILITY. THE FIRST SPECIFIC AIM OF THIS PROPOSAL IS TO REACH THESE VERY GOALS THROUGH A COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM. DEMONSTRATION OF THE ACHIEVABLE REFLECTANCE, STRESS, AND ROUGHNESS IN STABLE, OPTIMIZED COATINGS WILL IN TURN FACILITATE GLOBAL TELESCOPE DESIGN OPTIMIZATION, BY IDENTIFYING THE BEST COATING FOR EACH MIRROR SHELL BASED ON INCIDENCE ANGLE, AND ON TELESCOPE EFFECTIVE-AREA AND FIELD-OF-VIEW REQUIREMENTS. THE RESEARCH HAS THE POTENTIAL TO GREATLY INCREASE THE EFFECTIVE AREA OF FUTURE X-RAY TELESCOPES. SPECIFIC AIM #2: MITIGATION OF COATING-STRESS-INDUCED SUBSTRATE DEFORMATIONS HIGH-QUALITY FILMS OF IR AND OTHER CANDIDATE MATERIALS (E.G., B4C) TO BE INVESTIGATED FOR THE 0.1 10 KEV BAND DEPOSITED BY MAGNETRON SPUTTERING HAVE HIGH DENSITY AND LOW ROUGHNESS, AND THUS GOOD X-RAY PERFORMANCE. HOWEVER IR, B4C, AND CERTAIN OTHER MATERIALS HAVE EXCEEDINGLY HIGH FILM STRESS WHEN DEPOSITED UNDER CONDITIONS FOR MAXIMUM REFLECTANCE. RESIDUAL FILM STRESS IN THE X-RAY REFLECTIVE COATINGS CAN DEFORM THIN-SHELL MIRROR SEGMENTS, LEADING TO UNACCEPTABLE DEGRADATION OF ANGULAR RESOLUTION. COATING STRESS WAS NOT AN ISSUE FOR CHANDRA. BUT FOR LYNX, FOR EXAMPLE, THE SUBSTRATES WILL BE ~50X THINNER, AND SO SUB-ARC-SECOND RESOLUTION SIMPLY CANNOT BE ACHIEVED USING THIN-SHELL MIRROR SEGMENTS WITHOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF NON-DEFORMING COATINGS. THE SECOND SPECIFIC AIM OF THIS PROPOSAL IS TO DEVELOP TECHNIQUES TO MITIGATE COATING-STRESS-INDUCED DEFORMATIONS IN GLASS AND SI SHELL SEGMENTS. TWO POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS WILL BE INVESTIGATED: A) NEW DEPOSITION METHODS TO CONTROL COATING THICKNESS UNIFORMITY AND NET FILM STRESS IN TWO DIMENSIONS WILL BE USED TO DETERMINE IF ALREADY-DEVELOPED ZERO-NET-STRESS IR-BASED COATINGS, AS WELL AS THE NEW REFLECTIVE COATINGS TO BE DEVELOPED, CAN BE DEPOSITED ONTO SHELL SEGMENTS WITHOUT INDUCING UNACCEPTABLE SUBSTRATE DEFORMATIONS, A QUESTION THAT HAS NOT YET BEEN DEFINITIVELY ADDRESSED; IF UNIFORM COATINGS HAVING SUFFICIENTLY LOW DEFORMATION CANNOT BE REALIZED, THEN NON-UNIFORM COATINGS WILL BE INVESTIGATED, WHERE SPATIAL CONTROL OF NET FILM STRESS IN 2D WILL COMPENSATE FOR POTENTIAL NON-UNIFORM DEFORMATIONS. IF SUCCESSFUL, THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE APPROACH WITH MORE COMPLEX INTERFERENCE COATINGS WILL ALSO BE ESTABLISHED. B) A MORE GENERAL (ALBEIT MORE COMPLEX) METHOD OF MITIGATING STRESS-INDUCED DEFORMATIONS WILL BE INVESTIGATED, SPECIFICALLY THE USE OF BALANCED FRONT- AND BACKSIDE COATINGS, A TECHNIQUE THAT, IF SUCCESSFUL, CAN BE USED, IN PRINCIPLE, WITH ANY TYPE OF COATING (IR-BASED, HIGH-ENERGY MULTILAYERS, ETC.), REGARDLESS OF ITS STRESS STATE. (THE APPROACH IS LIKELY INCOMPATIBLE WITH ACTIVE CORRECTION, HOWEVER.)
Awarding / Funding Agency
NAICS
Not Reported
Place of Performance
New York, NY 10025 United States
Pricing
Other
Set Aside
None
Extent Competed
Full And Open Competition
Related Opportunity
None

STATUS
(Open)

Period of Performance

11/22/22

Start Date

12/31/23

Current End Date

12/31/23

Potential End Date
4.0% Complete

Obligations

$2.6M

Total Obligated

$2.6M

Current Award

$2.6M

Potential Award
100% Funded

AWARD HIERARCHY

Grant For Research

80NSSC18K0346

Subcontracts

-

Grant For Research

80NSSC18K0346

Subs

-

ACTIVITY TIMELINE

SUBCONTRACT AWARDS

Opportunity Lifecycle

HISTORY

COMPETITION

Solicitation Procedures
Basic Research
Number of Offers Received
Not Provided
Other Than Full and Open Competition
None
Evaluated Preference
None
Commercial Item Acquisition
None
Simplified Procedures for Commercial Items
None

OTHER CATEGORIZATIONS

Subcontracting Plan
None
National Interest Action
None
Research Type
None
IT Commercial Item Category
None
AGENCY DETAIL
Awarding Office
80NSSC NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER
Funding Office
80NSSC NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER
Created By
annette.c.poncet@nasa.gov
Last Modified By
tammy.l.maher@nasa.gov
Approved By
tammy.l.maher@nasa.gov

LEGISLATIVE MANDATES

Clinger-Cohen Act Compliant
Not Applicable
Construction Wage Rate Requirements
No
Labor Standards
No
Materials, Supplies, Articles & Equipment
No
Last Modified: 11/22/22


PIID: 80NSSC-18-K-0346